Friday, 15 June, 2018 UTC


Summary

Debuggers have been crucial software development tools for over thirty years.
A modern debugger enables us to:
  • run the code line-by-line
  • set breakpoints in the code
  • put conditions on the breakpoints
  • evaluate expressions during runtime.
Most modern debuggers are also highly integrated into development environments of languages they are serving. They enable setting breakpoints by clicking on line numbers, evaluating expressions by hovering over variables, writing conditional breakpoints in the code comments … and so on.
So what is the state of Solidity smart contract debugging and debuggers?
Solidity Debugger
As with most blockchain things, we’re still in the infancy stage. The basic debuggers are available (and advancing at a rapid pace), but no editor integrations are here yet, and the debugger heavily relies on the framework of choice.
In this article, we’ll be exploring the Solidity debugger bundled with the Truffle Suite.
Getting Started
First, we’ll need to install all the required tools. Luckily for us, the Truffle framework is very well integrated, so we’ll just need to install it.
First, install Node.js and NPM. After you’ve installed Node, you can verify that it’s installed by checking the version of the tool like this:
➜  ~ node -v
v10.2.1
➜  ~ npm -v
5.6.0
If your Node is up and running, let’s install the Truffle framework. This is made simple enough by the usage of npm, so just run this:
npm install -g truffle
You can check whether the install was successful by checking the version:
truffle version
Truffle v4.1.11 (core: 4.1.11)
Solidity v0.4.24 (solc-js)
Setting Up the Project
Now that you have Truffle all set up, let’s create a new (empty) Truffle project. Open your terminal, position yourself into a desired directory and run truffle init. The output should be similar to this:
truffle init
Downloading...
Unpacking...
Setting up...
Unbox successful. Sweet!

Commands:

  Compile:        truffle compile
  Migrate:        truffle migrate
  Test contracts: truffle test
After you’ve done this, you should have a contract structure similar to this:
.
├── contracts
│   └── Migrations.sol
├── migrations
│   └── 1_initial_migration.js
├── test
├── truffle-config.js
└── truffle.js
Now open the truffle.js file and put the following data into it:
module.exports = {
  networks: {
      development: {
          port: 9545,
          host: "127.0.0.1",
          network_id: "*"
      }
  }
};
Save the file and run truffle develop. You should get an output similar to this:
truffle develop
Truffle Develop started at http://127.0.0.1:9545/

Accounts:
(0) 0x627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef57
(1) 0xf17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732
(2) 0xc5fdf4076b8f3a5357c5e395ab970b5b54098fef
(3) 0x821aea9a577a9b44299b9c15c88cf3087f3b5544
(4) 0x0d1d4e623d10f9fba5db95830f7d3839406c6af2
(5) 0x2932b7a2355d6fecc4b5c0b6bd44cc31df247a2e
(6) 0x2191ef87e392377ec08e7c08eb105ef5448eced5
(7) 0x0f4f2ac550a1b4e2280d04c21cea7ebd822934b5
(8) 0x6330a553fc93768f612722bb8c2ec78ac90b3bbc
(9) 0x5aeda56215b167893e80b4fe645ba6d5bab767de

Private Keys:
(0) c87509a1c067bbde78beb793e6fa76530b6382a4c0241e5e4a9ec0a0f44dc0d3
(1) ae6ae8e5ccbfb04590405997ee2d52d2b330726137b875053c36d94e974d162f
(2) 0dbbe8e4ae425a6d2687f1a7e3ba17bc98c673636790f1b8ad91193c05875ef1
(3) c88b703fb08cbea894b6aeff5a544fb92e78a18e19814cd85da83b71f772aa6c
(4) 388c684f0ba1ef5017716adb5d21a053ea8e90277d0868337519f97bede61418
(5) 659cbb0e2411a44db63778987b1e22153c086a95eb6b18bdf89de078917abc63
(6) 82d052c865f5763aad42add438569276c00d3d88a2d062d36b2bae914d58b8c8
(7) aa3680d5d48a8283413f7a108367c7299ca73f553735860a87b08f39395618b7
(8) 0f62d96d6675f32685bbdb8ac13cda7c23436f63efbb9d07700d8669ff12b7c4
(9) 8d5366123cb560bb606379f90a0bfd4769eecc0557f1b362dcae9012b548b1e5

Mnemonic: candy maple cake sugar pudding cream honey rich smooth crumble sweet treat

⚠️  Important ⚠️  : This mnemonic was created for you by Truffle. It is not secure.
Ensure you do not use it on production blockchains, or else you risk losing funds.
This started an instance of the Truffle development blockchain backed by ganache-cli (former TestRPC).
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